It's rare that the Black experience in Latin American culture is acknowledged, let a lone documented via photography. In her series African by Legacy, Mexican by Birth, photographer Ayana V Jackson's commitment to showing this part of the African Diaspora that has been shoved under the rug, is what drew me to her work. Ayana's work is opinionated and steeped in the scars left from colonial history without being didactic. Read on to learn more about her journey to becoming a working fine art photographer and her recent experience at Paris Photo 2011.
D&B: Where are you from?
AVJ: I was born in New Jersey, USA however I live between Johannesburg and New York.
D&B: What kind of photography do you shoot and how did you get started - any "formal" training?
AVJ: My practice is quite diverse. I began with reportage/documentary in 2001 with projects centered around Contemporary Africa and African Diaspora identity. Via portraiture I created several bodies of work aimed at exposing the complexity of black identity worldwide. From hip hop artists in West Africa to African descendents in Latin America I sought to uncover narratives that are rarely associated with people in the regions I worked in.
Recently I began creating self portraits. This transition marked the beginning of my studio practice. "Leapfrog (a bit of the other) Grand Matron Army" was the first of that series. In it I present my body in the form of 9 female archetypes from the precolonial to afrochic. The reason for this shift was that I wanted to have a more specific conversation with my work. Maintaining my body as a constant allows my audience to consider my concept and intentionality rather than examine my portraiture via an ethnographic point of view.
Regarding "formal" training: it is limited to an introductory class during undergrad and a more concentrated study during summer term under Katharina Sieverding at the Universitat der Kunst in Berlin. The latter was quite formative as it was during that time that I learned large format analogue printing and began to study photographic theory.
|Grid view of Grand Matron Army series 2010, Copyright Ayana V Jackson|
(Click to view larger)
D&B: What cameras or techniques do you use?
AVJ: I use a YashikaMAT 124G and a Canon 5D.
D&B: Who are your mentors (in photography)?
AVJ: Katherina Sieverding, Deborah Willis, Jamel Shabazz, Andrew Tshabangu, Santu Mofokeng and Tracey Rose are photographers I speak (or have spoken) most to about my work. They have each come into my life and influenced my practice at varying times. Most recently I have been pulling from my time with Katharina.
D&B: Have you experienced any setbacks or different treatment along your photography career that you would attribute to being a woman or photographer of color? (this question is optional)
AVJ: No... I recognize the socio-historic complexities of race and gender in our industry, but I refuse to allow either to be a handicap because if I did I would suffer from paralysis. I have two mottos, "you can only climb as high as you reach" and "there is more than one way to skin a cat".
So far they have kept me going.
|Installation view of Maria de Latte (Triptych) 2011, Copyright Ayana V Jackson|
(Click to view larger)
D&B: When did you realize you could have a career in photography? Describe your journey towards becoming a working photographer.
AVJ: Photography came to me in a round about way. My father was a photo enthusiast, so I have early memories of learning to see the world through a lens. Later, after receiving my undergraduate degree in sociology, I decided I wanted to use the visual rather than academic language to express my research findings. This decision had to do with my desire to reach a broader audience.
Photography has so many avenues for output... this really appealed to me as my work carries an activism within it.
While it is true that in 2002 my series Full Circle: A Survey of Hip Hop in Ghana caught the eye of Melissa Levine (then curator of the World Bank Art program) who exhibited it in the World Bank headquarters, I can't say that at the onset I intended to enter the "fine art" field. I was quite content in the photo-journalistic and documentary fields.
African by Legacy, Mexican by Birth (a work I did in collaboration with writer Marco Villalobos) was an extension of my undergraduate studies on Afro-Latino culture. It began as an independent project that was picked up by the Caribbean Cultural Center/African Diaspora Institute and the Margerite Casey Foundation. With this support the work traveled to museums and galleries throughout the US.
It was at this point that I began to catch the eye of the greater art community and started to settle into my career in photography. Since then I have worked with multiple traditional and non traditional art organizations worldwide.
My move to South Africa and collaboration with Gallery MOMO marked the most recent stage in my career. By moving my practice to Johannesburg, I began to engage with their quite vibrant photographic community. South Africa is one of the most important pillars of photography global (in my opinion). Working within that constellation has launched my work incredibly as did my inclusion in the 2009 Bamako African Photography Biennial. The latter resulted in my being granted a residency at the Cite des Arts in 2010 which was the site for the creation of Leapfrog and hence my movement into self portraiture.
D&B: What do you hope to achieve with your photography?
AVJ: As I mentioned earlier, there is an activism to my work. I'd say my main concerns are three tiered:
D&B: What's your dream photography project?
- Redefining the term Black American by taking into consideration other narratives from the Black Atlantic, i.e. Latin America and the Caribbean.
- Emphasizing Africa's participation in our globalized world by making evident the parallel experiences/interests of youth in African cities and those of the "Western world".
- Exploring transnational/third space identity as experienced by the "black atlantic".
AVJ: I can't say. My dream is to be able to keep working. My practice is about problem solving. I generally find myself fixated on something and the only way I can get past it is by creating work. I rarely (if ever) take commissions.
My projects find their seed in some issue I feel needs to be addressed and I spend my time finding the right language or formula for encapsolating and/or addressing it. I only pray that I will have the means and the freedom to continue in this vein.
D&B: What's the biggest (life) lesson you've learned through photography?
|Povporn: Death 2011, Copyright Ayana V Jackson|
(Click to view larger)
AVJ: Imagery is powerful.
First impressions are lasting.
My current series Povporn has to do with this. Recently I began to ask myself why there is so much activism in my work. What exactly am I spending so much time fighting against? It is a legitimate question because sometimes we loose the plot.
In doing so I remembered that this all started with National Geographic. My entire view of people who look like me came down to "primitivism". And second to that were cycles of death, disaster, disease, and destruction. Most (if not all) all of the imagery I was exposed to (related to black skin) was centered around these things. Yet I knew from personal experience that there was a much greater picture. Something was happening outside the frame.
Anyway, Povporn is my attempt at asking my audience to examine the seductive nature of images of suffering... and particularly the suffering black/impoverished body. We are quite comfortable with this kind of imagery. In fact, careers are spawned by one's ability to capture these kind of images. However it is dishonest, one sided, and unfair. I know this because I regularly have to wade through the assumptions created by this imagery.
So understanding the power of visual communication would be one of my greatest life lessons.
D&B: Tell us about your experience at Paris Photo 2011 - this year's theme was "African Photography, from Bamako to Cape Town". Was there any particular work that made an impression on you?
AVJ: My work made an impression on me! Haha...
I had never been present when my work was shown at a fair, so sitting at the booth was such a crazy experience. Hundreds of people passing by the minute. Watching who stopped... evesdropping on their interpretation of my work. Watching the cycles of emotion some spectators would go through. It was fascinating!
There is a distance between my intentionality and the spectator's interpretation. This is a fact and I had to come to terms with this during the fair, but at the same time lots of people "got it" and this made an impression.
That aside, I'd say this year's theme was funny. You hear among my peers in the corridor that Africa is a fiction. What is Africa, who is African, how many versions of African identity exist. So walking around the fair and experiencing the disparate versions of African photography was interesting.
My own inclusion, in fact, brings certain questions to mind. Am I an African photographer because I am black? Am I an African photographer because my gallery is from south Africa? Am I an African photographer because my gallerist is black and South African? Am I an African photographer because I live in Africa? Am I an African photographer?
But to answer your question, I discovered the work of James Barnor. That was a great find.
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Labels: africa, african, african american, American Photography, color photography, conceptual photography, contemporary photography, displaced communities, interview, photo festival, women photographers